Members of MoIP have gathered resources, tools and guides that currently help identify, understand, assess and manage invasive and exotic plant species.
We recommend this comprehensive guidebook on Management of Invasive Plants & Pests of Illinois for clear instructions on controlling many invasive plant species. The guide is available online as a free download: https://goo.gl/fNn1vN
These agencies and organizations host their own species-specific management guides:
- Invasive Plants: Consult this information provided by the Missouri Department of Conservation (MDC) to learn how to identify and control more than 25 of the most common invasive plants in Missouri.
- “Keep a Lookout” Flyers, 1-page handouts that provide photos, range maps, and short descriptions of new plant invaders produced by the Midwest Invasive Plant Network:
- Invasive Plant Species Profiles: General information about plant species commonly known as invasive published by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
- Invasive Species Maps: These U.S. Forest Service maps depict the distribution of species using 2007-2009 inventory data.
- Distribution Maps: Instances of invasive species reported to the Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System.
Agrostis stolonifera (creeping bentgrass)
- The intersection of ecological risk assessment and plant communities: an analysis of Agrostis and Panicum species in the northeastern U.S., 2011
- Wetland and riparian plant communities at risk of invasion by transgenic herbicide-resistant Agrostis spp. in central Oregon, 2012
- Weediness and Persistance of Transgenic Bentgrass Hybrid, 2006
- Escape and establishment of transgenic glyphosateresistant creeping bentgrass
Agrostis stolonifera in Oregon, USA: a 4-year study, 2008
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)
- Invasive Plant Suppresses the Growth of Native Tree Seedlings by Disrupting Belowground Mutualisms, 2006
- The invasive plant Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) inhibits ectomycorrhizal fungi in its introduced range, 2008
- Developing biological control of Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara and Grande
(garlic mustard), 2001 [21(4):357-367]
B. Blossey, V. Nuzzo, H. Hinz, and E. Gerber
- Response of garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata Bieb. [Cavara and Grande]) to summer herbicide treatment, 1994 [14(4):309-310]
- Natural mortality of garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata (Bieb.) Cavara & Grande) rosettes, 1993 [13(2):132-133] V.A. Nuzzo
- Experimental control of garlic mustard [Alliaria petiolata (Bieb.) Cavara & Grande] in northern Illinois using fire, herbicide, and cutting, 1991
- Vegetation management guideline: garlic mustard, Alliaria petiolata [Bieb.]
Cavara & Grande, 1991 [11(2):120-121]
V. Nuzzo, J. Kennay and G. Fell
Euonymus fortunei `Coloratus’ (purpleleaf wintercreeper)
- Invasive Plant Attack: Euonymus fortunei ‘Coloratus’
PDF Presentation of Notes and Observations by Bill Ruppert, Organizing Member, 2017
- Wintercreeper Control
Guide by the Missouri Department of Conservation, 2017
Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)
- An Assessment of Japanese Honeysuckle in Northern U.S. Forests
USDA Research Note 2015
- Vegetation management guideline: Japanese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica Thunb.), 1992 [12(4):217-218]
- Japanese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica): a literature review of management practices, 1984 [4(2):4-10] J.E. Evans
Ligustrum japonicum, Ligustrum sinense (Japanese privet, Chinese privet)
- Privet: Identification, impact and management
Video. Dr. David Coyle (Clemson University) discusses Chinese and Japanese privet, two widespread invasive plant species in the southeastern U.S.
Lonicera maacki and Lonicera X bella (exotic honeysuckles)
- Invasive Bush Honeysuckle Vulnerable in Late Fall
MDC news release, 2015
- 25 Ways to Remove Bush Honeysuckle
Management tips from the Ohio Invasive Plant Council
- Detailed Invasive Bush Honeysuckle Information
Missouri Botanical Gardens provides expanded content on the plant’s origins and impacts, detailed instructions for control, native plants that are similar in appearance, and suggested landscaping alternatives. Includes a bush honeysuckle brochure published 2016.
- Curse of the Bush Honeysuckles
This booklet by MDC shows you how to identify and control bush honeysuckles, and then use Missouri native shrubs to provide high-quality habitat.
- Native Alternatives to Bush Honeysuckle
Comprehensive Grow Native! article detailing 10 alternatives to invasive Amur honeysuckles in the Missouri Prairie Journal
- Think About Tables Training to Teach Workshop, hosted by the Missouri Botanical Garden, were held Friday, February 6, 2016 and February 12-Saturday, February 13, 2016.
- Say No to Honeysuckle campaign video by Great Rivers STL
- Stop Honeysuckle
A Magnificent Missouri campaign to mitigate and reverse the spread of honeysuckle
- Short‐term efficacy and nontarget effects of aerial glyphosate applications for controlling Lonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle) in oak‐hickory forests of Eastern Missouri, U.S.A. 2018
- Ecological impact study: “A review on the invasion ecology of Amur honeysuckle (Lonicera maackii, Caprifoliaceae) a case study of ecological impacts at multiple scales” 2016
- Vegetation management guideline: bush honeysuckles – tatarian, Morrow’s, belle, and amur honeysuckle (Lonicera tatarica L., L. morrowii Gray, L. x bella Zabel, and L. maackii [Rupr.] Maxim.), 1992 [12(4):218-219]
Nandina domestica (heavenly bamboo)
- Exotic Invasive Heavenly Bamboo: 2-page identification and information sheet
- All Is Not Merry for Intoxicated Birds
- Feeding Behavior-Related Toxicity due to Nandina domestica in Cedar Waxwings (Bombycilla cedrorum)
- Bamboo Control: Fact sheet from University of Florida extension
- Identifying Native Bamboos: article in the Journal of the South Carolina Native Plant Society (pg. 8)
Pueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)
- Kudzu Fact Sheet: 6-pager on the species from the Forest Invasive Plants Resource Center
Pyrus calleryanna (Bradford pear and other Callery pear cultivars)
- How to Identify Callery Pear
Missouri Department of Conservation web page
- Effective Control of Callery Pear
Instructions by Dr. Reid Smeda, MU Extension, for the Missouri Invasive Plant Council
- Efficacy of Five Herbicide Treatments for Control of Pyrus calleryana, 2020, Vogt et al.
- Distinguishing Callery pear from native lookalikes an identification brochure by Susan Farrington, Natural History Biologist, Ozark Region, Missouri Department of Conservation
- “Stop the spread!” of Invasive Callery Pear Tree Hybrids: Comprehensive resource guide to description, exhibits, alternatives and academic articles about ornamental pear cultivars creating invasive wild hybrid populations.
- “Plant This, Not That! Native Missouri Trees to Plant Instead of Invasive Callery/Bradford Pear:” an 11-poster set (title page + 10 species) inspired by the “Stop the Spread” campaign and designed by Missouri Invasive Plant Council. Available in the following formats:
- Native Slender Lespedeza VS Invasive Exotic Sericea Lespedeza: 1-page ID flyer produced by Hamilton Native Outpost
Sorghum halapense (johnson grass)
- Johnson Grass vs. Native Look-Alikes: ID guide published 2015
- Johnsongrass Control: University of Missouri Extension, 1997
- Vegetation management guideline: Johnson grass (Sorghum halepense [L.] Pers.), 1992 [12(4):219-220] M. Hutchison
- Missouri’s Thistles, Missouri Prairie Journal, Vol. 28, No. 2, 2007
- “Native Thistles vs. Exotic Thistles” by Susan Farrington, MDC
- Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense): a literature review of management practices,